NASA: Details To Know About The Artemis-1 Moon Mission LaunchThangaraja Palaniappan (Author) Published Date : Aug 29, 2022 16:31 IST
NASA, the American space agency, is today testing the Artemis-1 mission to send a human to the Moon. The mission is scheduled to be launched from the Kennedy Space Centre, Florida, at 8:33 local time, which translates to 6:03 pm Indian time.
The spacecraft will travel through space for 42 days, reaching distances of up to 60,000 kilometres beyond the Moon before returning to Earth with a programmed splashdown. Instead of humans, the spaceship is carrying three test subjects who will simulate passengers to study the effects of radiation, stress, and vibrations in space.
Artemis is NASA's mission to land humans on the Moon for the first time since 1972. To achieve this, they have developed a new spacecraft and a new rocket to carry it into space. SLS (Space Launch System) is a structure that launches a rocket into space. It is designed to send a spacecraft beyond Earth. SLS is the most powerful rocket after Saturn V.
ICPS Accelerate Orion around Earth and use the Moon's gravity to propel it into space. In the Artemis program, Orion consists of two parts, the capsule and the service module. Together they are about 8 meters (26 feet) long. The European Space Agency builds this service module.
The capsule is where the humans are. But now, the test dummies will be loaded into Artemis I for the first time. The space crew can stay in the capsule for 21 days. The Artemis project will operate without humans – for 42 days.
If all goes well, Artemis II will follow suit. But, there will be humans in it. NASA has announced that the Artemis II program will launch in 2024 with four new astronauts, followed by the Artemis III program in 2025, NASA's long-awaited mission to carry humans to the lunar surface.